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Le principe de fixité du capital social : une étude juridique et comptable du concept (1807-1947)

Author

Listed:
  • Nicolas PRAQUIN

    (Université Marne la vallée)

Abstract

En consacrant le principe de responsabilité limitée aux apports pour les actionnaires de sociétés anonymes, le législateur introduisait dans le code de commerce de 1807 une règle novatrice qui aura des répercussions majeures sur la façon de concevoir la comptabilité dans son rapport avec les créanciers ; elle se traduit par le principe de fixité du capital à partir de 1818. Initialement rudimentaire, le concept devient complexe à mesure que se transforment l’environnement socio-économique et les pratiques comptables. La discussion entre comptables et juristes s’avère féconde : la règle juridique s’inscrit progressivement comme principe comptable avant d’être abandonnée lors de la mise en œuvre des plans comptables français.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas PRAQUIN, 2005. "Le principe de fixité du capital social : une étude juridique et comptable du concept (1807-1947)," Economic History 0503014, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpeh:0503014
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 14. in « L’entreprise, le chiffre et le droit », éditeurs J.G. Degos et S. Trébucq, Bordeaux (2005), pp. 273-286.
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    File URL: http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/eh/papers/0503/0503014.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Pierre Labardin & Karine Fabre, 2011. "Entre coût historique et valeur de marché : Une histoire de la valeur comptable en France (XIXe - début XXe siècle)," Post-Print hal-00650538, HAL.
    2. Jean-Claude Juhel & Dominique Dufour, 2008. "A discussion of stock market speculation by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon," Post-Print hal-00479678, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fixité du capital – Capital social – Créanciers – Code de commerce – Principes comptables – Situation nette.;

    JEL classification:

    • N - Economic History

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