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The Standard and Dvorak Keyboards Revisited: Direct Measures of Speed


  • Leonard J. West


The Dvorak keyboard has been claimed to be greatly superior to the standard typwriter keyboard. However, none of the earlier research on the relative merits of the two keyboards provided unconfounded measures, ones permitting attributrion of the results solely to the differences between the keyborads. the present research supplied, for the first time, direct measures of speed on the two keyboards by the same persons. Eight experienced standard-keyboard typists, ranging in skill from the median speed of terminal high school trainees to beyond the 97th percentile speed of experienced employees (45-81 words per minute), typed high-frequency digraphs on both keyboards, resulting in a 4.0% superiority for the Dvorak keyboard. The relationship of present digraph findings to performance of realistic tasks is discussed, and research on whether differences in keyboard efficiency vary with the skill level of operators is recommended.

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  • Leonard J. West, 1998. "The Standard and Dvorak Keyboards Revisited: Direct Measures of Speed," Research in Economics 98-05-041e, Santa Fe Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:safire:98-05-041e

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Norman Schofield, 1983. "Generic Instability of Majority Rule," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(4), pages 695-705.
    2. Norman Schofield, 1980. "Formal political theory," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 249-275, January.
    3. McKelvey, Richard D, 1979. "General Conditions for Global Intransitivities in Formal Voting Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(5), pages 1085-1112, September.
    4. Barbera Salvador & Gul Faruk & Stacchetti Ennio, 1993. "Generalized Median Voter Schemes and Committees," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 262-289, December.
    5. Saari, Donald G., 1991. "Erratic behavior in economic models," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 16(1-2), pages 3-35, July.
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    Keyboards; typewriters; Dvorak; path dependence;

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