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Closing the Gap: An Empirical Evidence on Firm?s Innovation, Productivity, and Export

Listed author(s):
  • Sam Tavassoli

    ()

  • Viroj Jienwatcharamongkhol

It is well known that exporters are productive firms. But the source of their productivity is left unexplained. This paper aims to endogenize the productivity heterogeneity of exporting firms by incorporating innovation in a structural model framework. In doing so, we close the gap between the innovation-productivity and productivity-export literature. Two waves of Swedish Community Innovation Survey (CIS) are merged. This allows for a dynamic setup that takes into account the proper lags from innovation input to innovation output and also from innovation output to productivity and export. The applied framework corrects for selectivity, simultaneity, and potential endogeneity biases. The main findings highlight that exporters are productive firms with innovation output in the past, which in turn was driven by prior R&D and other innovation activity investments.

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File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa13/ERSA2013_paper_00531.pdf
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Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa13p531.

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Date of creation: Nov 2013
Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa13p531
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  17. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
  18. Roberts, Mark J & Tybout, James R, 1997. "The Decision to Export in Colombia: An Empirical Model of Entry with Sunk Costs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(4), pages 545-564, September.
  19. Alfred Kleinknecht & Kees Van Montfort & Erik Brouwer, 2002. "The Non-Trivial Choice between Innovation Indicators," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(2), pages 109-121.
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  21. Brouwer, Erik & Kleinknecht, Alfred, 1997. "Measuring the unmeasurable: a country's non-R&D expenditure on product and service innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(8), pages 1235-1242, January.
  22. Martin Andersson & Hans Lˆˆf, 2009. "Learning-by-Exporting Revisited: The Role of Intensity and Persistence," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 111(4), pages 893-916, December.
  23. Vuong, Van Anh & Maican , Florin & Orth, Matilda & Roberts, Mark, 2016. "R&D Dynamics and Its Impact on Productivity and Export Demand in Swedish Manufacturing," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145945, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
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