IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Comprehensive Evaluation of Reclaimed Water Effectively Utilization Policy in Tianjin, China


  • Nan XIANG
  • Feng XU
  • Shanshan WANG
  • Yang LI
  • Takeshi MIZUNOYA
  • Yabar HELMUT


Increasing scarcity of freshwater resources and growing environmental awareness give rise to the use of reclaimed wastewater as an additional source of water supply. However, the amount of wastewater that can be reclaimed for reuse is subject to many factors, ranging from technical possibility to socio-economic and institutional conditions. Taking Tianjin in China as a case study, this paper provides a systematic framework for the analysis of waste water reuse potential under various driving forces and constrains. A linear programming model was used to analyze reclaimed wastewater reuse potential and the different reuse scenarios concerning environmental and economic development. In this paper we propose tentative policy proposals for meeting such challenges for economic development, water saving and water quality perfection. Through simulation and evaluation of introducing new advanced technologies and sewage plant in the catchment area, the simulation results suggest that the wastewater reuse can substitute 16 percent of freshwater under rational economic, financial and environmental constraints. The framework established in this study and the results of Tianjin case study help to give the optimal policy proposals of reclaimed water utilization. This study also provides a useful basis for the evaluation of specific wastewater reuse simulation for further research.

Suggested Citation

  • Nan XIANG & Feng XU & Shanshan WANG & Yang LI & Takeshi MIZUNOYA & Yabar HELMUT, 2011. "The Comprehensive Evaluation of Reclaimed Water Effectively Utilization Policy in Tianjin, China," ERSA conference papers ersa11p544, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa11p544

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cameron,A. Colin & Trivedi,Pravin K., 2008. "Microeconometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9787111235767, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa11p544. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.