IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Regional impacts of economic transition: From manufacturing to service and knowledge based development: Long term trends and recent Danish experiences in the Wind Energy industry


  • Andreas P. Cornett


  • Nils Karl Soerensen


Most mature industrial economies faced the challenge of severe structural changes in the last decades. Traditional manufacturing moved from the metropolitan and central regions to the periphery. Later the value chain in most industries changed toward knowledge intensive and service activities. This tendency has been reinforced by the trend toward globalization and recently by the impacts of the financial crisis. The aim of the paper is to sketch the long term trends of regional and industrial development in Denmark; and to identify the drivers of economic and geographical change in the production system Denmark belongs to. The starting hypothesis is that the long term transition is driven by a combination of domestic and international factors. The first part provides an overview of the Danish economy in an international perspective focusing on structural change (i.e. the relative size of primary, secondary and tertiary activities) and the impacts of the internationalization. The second section provides an analysis of the regional structural change in Denmark with special attention on the impacts of globalization and the changes in the international production system. The main focus is on the fact that the global financial crisis seemingly has been a catalyst of a process of change, with probably irreversible impacts on the geography of economic activities in Denmark. The third part digs deeper into the processes of regional and functional transformation based on a case study of the Danish wind power industry facing fierce global competition and the challenges of international relocation, with heavy regional consequences for employment. Regional impacts in particular in Western Denmark have been significant both with regards to employment and value-added. The functional and competence profile of the industry in Denmark has transformed, reducing the content of physical production. Currently two tendencies are identified; the move from a production to a skill and knowledge based industry integrated in a global value chain, and an increasing importance of construction and service provision for production capacities in offshore locations. Keywords: International interdependence "" regional and structural change "" a new functional division of production "" toward a service based economy

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas P. Cornett & Nils Karl Soerensen, 2011. "Regional impacts of economic transition: From manufacturing to service and knowledge based development: Long term trends and recent Danish experiences in the Wind Energy industry," ERSA conference papers ersa11p148, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa11p148

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa11p148. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.