Segregation measures and spatial autocorrelation - Location patterns of immigrant minorities in the Barcelona Region
Given the important growth of immigrants in Spain it would be interesting to study its distribution throughout the urban area. Statistics suggest different large traditional indices allowing to quantify the segregation of minority population groups. Segregation can be measured from the different points of view and a new segregation perspective can be obtained by the utilisation of innovative indices including spatial statistics elements, as well as local indicators of spatial association (LISA). Through the application of these tools on the Barcelona and its metropolitan region case, its utilities in the analysis of resident segregation in a town are shown and segregation patterns are found out. The results point out that the segregation differs depending on the observed group. The combination of all these measures represents a useful proceeding in the analysis of the distribution of immigrants in the urban zones and its convenience extends to the different areas like sociology, economics, city planning or housing policies.
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