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Industry Patterns in Output, FDI and Trade: A comparison of CEECs with OECD and East Asian Countries

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  • Julia Wörz

Abstract

This report analyses the link between the industrial allocation of FDI and economic development, using a newly constructed data set on industrial FDI stocks for six individual manufacturing industries (food, textiles/wood, petroleum/chemicals/rubber/plastics, metals/mechanical products, electrical machinery, transport equipment). We give a comprehensive overview of the economic structure in a range of countries, including OECD members, the new EU member states and East Asian countries. The time period analysed ranges from 1987 to 2000, with differing coverage for the individual countries. The particular economic development patterns of these countries are described through economic indicators such as industrial output, employment, FDI, exports, imports, wages, productivity, unit labour cost, etc. We further analyse global specialization patterns in terms of production, trade and FDI. We find substantial differences in specialization and catching up patterns between geographically defined regions. While the transport industry plays a crucial role in the lagging OECD countries, electrical machinery is one of the key industries in East Asia. The relationship between FDI, trade and output patterns varies both across countries as well as across industries. In general, the relationship is stronger in catching-up economies, with a significant role for FDI in the development of certain industries in CEECs (transport equipment) and the four Asian Tigers (electrical machinery).

Suggested Citation

  • Julia Wörz, 2005. "Industry Patterns in Output, FDI and Trade: A comparison of CEECs with OECD and East Asian Countries," wiiw Statistical Reports 2, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  • Handle: RePEc:wii:spaper:statr:2
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDI; FDI structure; specialization patterns; manufacturing; economic development; new EU member states; East Asia;

    JEL classification:

    • C80 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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