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Economic Growth, Regional Disparities and Employment in the EU-27

Author

Listed:
  • Michael Landesmann

    () (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)

  • Roman Römisch

    () (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)

Abstract

The present study examines the economic development of the NUTS-2 level regions in the EU-27 from 1995 to 2003. It focuses on income and employment developments in the regions of the new EU Member States (NMS) and compares the results to the developments in the regions of Northern as well as Southern EU countries. As far as income developments are concerned the study concentrates on the convergence of regional incomes and the effects on the spatial distribution of the income per head, especially with regards to existing or evolving core-periphery patterns, as well as on the development of regional income disparities within the EU-27 as a whole, but also within individual countries and country groups. As far as employment is concerned the study analyses firstly general employment trends in the EU-27 regions, as well as regional employment trends by economic sectors of activity, by educational attainment levels as well as by the age structure of the labour force. Innovatively, in main parts of the study the EU-27 NUTS-2 regions are grouped in eight clusters according to their pattern of secotral specialization, whereby the eight groups of regions that are defined in the study are agricultural regions, mining industry regions, basic industry regions, forward-looking industries regions, basic services regions, tourism regions, business services regions, and capital city regions. The results in the study clearly show that economic prosperity differs widely across these eight group of regions (especially in the NMS), whereby economic prospects in the agricultural regions and partly also in the basic industry regions are relatively bleak, given those regions’ peripheral location as well as their low attractiveness for domestic and foreign investors. This is contrasted by income growth and good employment prospects in the capital city regions and in the regions that are specialized in modern industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Landesmann & Roman Römisch, 2006. "Economic Growth, Regional Disparities and Employment in the EU-27," wiiw Research Reports 333, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  • Handle: RePEc:wii:rpaper:rr:333
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Johanna Vogel, 2012. "Agglomeration and Growth: Evidence from the Regions of Central and Eastern Europe," ERSA conference papers ersa12p1089, European Regional Science Association.
    2. repec:nbp:nbpbik:v:48:y:2017:i:6:p:531-556 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Arne Melchior, 2009. "East-West Integration and the Economic Geography of Europe," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 0379, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
    4. Darja Borsic & Alenka Kavkler, 2009. "Duration of Regional Unemployment Spells in Slovenia," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 7(2), pages 123-146.
    5. Mihaela-Nona Chilian & Marioara Iordan & Carmen Beatrice Pauna, 2016. "Real and structural convergence in the Romanian counties in the pre-accession and post-accession periods," ERSA conference papers ersa16p320, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    regional economic development; regional growth and employment; European Union; Central and East European countries;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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