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Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic: Longer-term Growth Prospects


  • Leon Podkaminer

    () (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)

  • Robert Stehrer

    () (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)


For about a decade, GDP growth in Central European countries has been consistently faster than in the 'old' EU-15. As a first approximation, one can expect a growth differential of about 2 percentage points to prevail also in the future. This practical rule-of-thumb is broadly consistent with the outcomes of some early attempts at a formal estimation of the longer-term growth rates for the countries considered. The early models underlying those attempts were inspired by the 'New Growth Theory' (NGT) approach (exemplified by Barro and Sala-i-Martin, 1995). This study reviews the available estimates derived from the NGT models and proposes new ones, taking into account the most recent data available. The base-line scenario suggests that over the period 2005-15, per capita GDP will grow on average by 3.6% per year in the Czech Republic, 4.1% in Hungary and 4.6% in Slovakia (with the EU-15 growing by 2.4%). At constant (1999) PPPs, the Czech per capita GDP will attain 71% of the EU-15 level, Hungary’s 63% and that of Slovakia 59%. Apart from estimates for the aggregate GDP levels/growth rates, the study also assesses the likely levels of the future (2015) trade balances, gross capital formation, FDI inflows and stocks. The second part of the study is concerned with the estimation of changes in the structure of value added and employment, consistent with the 'macro' estimates for the period 2005 15. Although one may expect convergence, in terms of productivity and sectoral composition, to the EU-15 levels, sizeable deviations will remain. Aggregate employment forecasts for 2015 appear to be quite sensitive to the GDP growth rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Leon Podkaminer & Robert Stehrer, 2006. "Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic: Longer-term Growth Prospects," wiiw Research Reports 330, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  • Handle: RePEc:wii:rpaper:rr:330

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    Cited by:

    1. Iwona Mertin & Ognian N. Hishow, 2007. "Analysis of the success and failure in the labour markets of selected EU member-states: macroeconomic aspects," IWE Working Papers 176, Institute for World Economics - Centre for Economic and Regional Studies- Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

    More about this item


    New Growth Theory; catch-up; productivity and employment; convergence scenarios;

    JEL classification:

    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries


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