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Red Executives: Are They Winners or Losers in Russia's Economic Reforms?


  • Susan J. Linz


Based on panel data collected from more than 2,000 firms in Moscow, Rostov, Volgograd and Novosibirsk between 1992 and 1995, red executives are evaluated in terms of their ability to maintain or expand production and/or employment, as well as their ability to maintain their position. With respect to production and employment, red executives more often than not are losers. With respect to job security, red executives are winners. Whether red executives are winners or losers does not depend significantly on ownership structure or location. It does vary significantly by industry and firm size.

Suggested Citation

  • Susan J. Linz, 1997. "Red Executives: Are They Winners or Losers in Russia's Economic Reforms?," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 66, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  • Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:1997-66

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