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Poverty and disability : a survey of the literature

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  • Elwan, Ann

Abstract

This review summarizes the literature on disability and its relationship to pverty, including education, employment, income, and access to basic social services. Despite the dearth of formal analysis, it is clear that in developing countries, as in more developed areas, disabled people (and their families) are more likely than the rest of the population to live in poverty. It is a two-way relationship--disability adds to the risk of poverty, and conditions of poverty increase the risk of disability. Disability in developing countries stems largely from preventable impairments associated with communicable, maternal and perinatal disease and injuries, and prevention has to remain a primary focus. An increasing emphasis on community-based participatory rehabilitation reflects growing recognition of the inadequacy of past offical programs, particularly involving specialized and exclusionary institutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Elwan, Ann, 1999. "Poverty and disability : a survey of the literature," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 21315, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:hdnspu:21315
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Trani, Jean-Fran├žois & Cannings, Tim I., 2013. "Child Poverty in an Emergency and Conflict Context: A Multidimensional Profile and an Identification of the Poorest Children in Western Darfur," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 48-70.
    2. Becker, Charles M. & Merkuryeva, Irina S., 2012. "Disability incidence and official health status transitions in Russia," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 74-88.
    3. Mina, Christian D., 2017. "Employment Profile of Women with Disabilities in San Remigio and Mandaue City, Cebu, Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2017-57, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    4. Tony Emmett & Erna Alant, 2006. "Women and disability: exploring the interface of multiple disadvantage," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(4), pages 445-460.
    5. Trani, Jean-Francois & Browne, Joyce & Kett, Maria & Bah, Osman & Morlai, Teddy & Bailey, Nicki & Groce, Nora, 2011. "Access to health care, reproductive health and disability: A large scale survey in Sierra Leone," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 73(10), pages 1477-1489.
    6. Peter Roberts & Julie Babinard, 2004. "Transport Strategy to Improve Accessibility in Developing Countries," World Bank Other Operational Studies 17685, The World Bank.
    7. Groce, Nora Ellen & Rohleder, Poul & Eide, Arne Henning & MacLachlan, Malcolm & Mall, Sumaya & Swartz, Leslie, 2013. "HIV issues and people with disabilities: A review and agenda for research," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 31-40.
    8. Filmer, Deon, 2005. "Disability, poverty, and schooling in developing countries : results from 11 household surveys," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3794, The World Bank.
    9. Mersland, Roy, 2005. "Microcredit for self-employed disabled persons in developing countries," MPRA Paper 2068, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Roddy McKinnon & Roland Sigg,, 2006. "The Role and Nature of Non-Contributory Social Security in the Design of Social Protection Strategies for Older People in DCs," Working Papers id:525, eSocialSciences.
    11. Stoddard-Dare, Patricia & DeRigne, LeaAnne & Quinn, Linda M. & Mallett, Christopher, 2015. "Material hardship in families with children with health conditions: Implications for practice," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 11-19.
    12. Maria Kett & Raymond Lang & Jean-Francois Trani, 2009. "Disability, development and the dawning of a new convention: A cause for optimism?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(5), pages 649-661.

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