Scope in Curriculum Development in Geography Teaching in School
The objectivity of Geography education as in Science and Humanities needs to have sound content and should have historical, scientific & environmental validity, and on the whole it has to be ethically meaningful. Going by the objectivity of the subject in education, the aim, content and pedagogy and assessment naturally varies at all stages. Geography as a subject in the school level is a compulsory affair up to standard X, and it is obvious that not all are going to choose geography as a career subject, however, they need to be Geography literate. In view of the fact that in almost all phenomenon among which a person find himself or in other words his environment/ milieu largely revolve around the understanding of geographical facts. It will not be flaw if it is said that a person with geographical approach can interpret almost every phenomenon. Therefore, geography curriculum needs to orient towards developing understanding of interface between geography and society, to sensitize them to the issues of environment, health and hazard and its preparedness. The content has to be relevance, meaningful and interesting at every stage. The content need not to be same for the country as a whole, school system of every state should have freedom in designing their syllabus and must consider its geography while designing syllabus. A diverse country like India must reflect itself in terms of diverse syllabi. Syllabus has to be designed with a focus on discussion method and reflection over content dominated syllabus. Activity based course material can also be designed in order to understand the geographical theoretical concepts along with the practical exercise. It is said that geography is understood more through legs, meaning thereby, field work in geographical teaching has larger role to play. Information and communication technology has revolutionized the geographical realms, however, there is still ample of scope in associating those aired programme in teaching. Key words: curriculum development, geography teaching, teaching
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