IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Financial risk tolerance: An analysis of unexplored factors



Using data from a survey alliance between Kiplinger's Personal Finance Magazine, PBS's Nightly Business Report, and FinaMetrica, this study explores various demographical and attitudinal factors related to financial risk tolerance. Investigating risk tolerance scores of more than 2,000 individuals immediately after the 2008 Global Financial Crisis, we find a positive relationship between risk tolerance and income, investment knowledge and positive stock market expectations. Risk tolerance is found to be lower for females, older individuals, those that currently use a financial advisor and individuals that perceive the stock market to be riskier than two years before.

Suggested Citation

  • Ryan Gibson & David Michayluk & Gerhard Van de Venter, 2013. "Financial risk tolerance: An analysis of unexplored factors," Published Paper Series 2013-1, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
  • Handle: RePEc:uts:ppaper:2013-1

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Kumar Saurabh & Tanuj Nandan, 2019. "Role of financial knowledge, financial socialisation and financial risk attitude in financial satisfaction of Indian individuals," International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 18(1), pages 104-122.
    2. Katarzyna Kochaniak & Paweł Ulman, 2020. "Risk-Intolerant but Risk-Taking—Towards a Better Understanding of Inconsistent Survey Responses of the Euro Area Households," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(17), pages 1-1, August.
    3. Charles Godfred Ackah & Enoch Randy Aikins & Thomas Twene Sarpong & Derek Asuman, 2019. "Gender Differences In Attitudes Toward Risk: Evidence From Entreprenuers In Ghana And Uganda," Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship (JDE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 24(01), pages 1-19, March.
    4. Fisher, Patti J. & Yao, Rui, 2017. "Gender differences in financial risk tolerance," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 191-202.
    5. Anbar, Adem & Eker, Melek, 2019. "The Effect of Sociodemographic Variables and Love of Money on Financial Risk Tolerance of Bankers," Business and Economics Research Journal, Uludag University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 10(4), pages 855-866, July.
    6. Linh Nguyen & Gerry Gallery & Cameron Newton, 2019. "The joint influence of financial risk perception and risk tolerance on individual investment decision‐making," Accounting and Finance, Accounting and Finance Association of Australia and New Zealand, vol. 59(S1), pages 747-771, April.
    7. Suné Ferreira & Zandri Dickason-Koekemoer, 2019. "The Relationship Between Depositor Behaviour and Risk Tolerance in a South African Context," Advances in Decision Sciences, Asia University, Taiwan, vol. 23(3), pages 36-55, September.
    8. Zhu, Alex Yue Feng, 2019. "Financial risk tolerance of Hong Kong adolescents: A hierarchical model," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 193-200.
    9. Zandri Koekemoer, 2019. "The influence of the level of education on investors risk tolerance level," Proceedings of Economics and Finance Conferences 9511449, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
    10. Zandri Dickason-Koekemoer & Suné Ferreira, 2018. "Subjective Risk Tolerance of South African Investors," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 10(6), pages 286-294.
    11. Yılmaz Bayar & H. Funda Sezgin & Ömer Faruk Öztürk & Mahmut Ünsal Şaşmaz, 2020. "Financial Literacy and Financial Risk Tolerance of Individual Investors: Multinomial Logistic Regression Approach," SAGE Open, , vol. 10(3), pages 21582440209, July.

    More about this item


    Financial risk tolerance; Risk assessment; Financial planning; Financial advisors;

    JEL classification:

    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:uts:ppaper:2013-1. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Duncan Ford). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.