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The Dynamics of Female Employment around Childbirth

  • J.D. Vlasblom
  • J.J. Schippers

There is a strong effect of childbirth on female labour supply. This effect is expected to be influenced, among others, by the institutional context. This paper uses panel data on the last two decades on three European countries (The Netherlands, Germany, United Kingdom) to link changes in female labour force behaviour around childbirth to changes in the national institutional context. We conclude that institutions that make the costs of combining work and family lower relative to being a full-time mother will increase female participation rates. Therefore, it is important for both women and policymakers to be aware of the possible patterns, the 'ideal pattern' (from an economic point of view), and the ways the preferred patterns can be supported by the institutional context.Keywords: female labour supply, transitions, institutions.

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File URL: http://dspace.library.uu.nl/bitstream/handle/1874/309129/03_10.pdf
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Paper provided by Utrecht School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 10-10.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:use:tkiwps:1010
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  1. Ana Llena-Nozal & Maarten Lindeboom & France Portrait, 2005. "The effect of work on mental health: Does occupation Matter?," Labor and Demography 0501011, EconWPA.
  2. van den Berg, Gerard J. & Gupta, Sumedha, 2011. "The Role of Marriage in the Causal Pathway from Economic Conditions Early in Life to Mortality," IZA Discussion Papers 5454, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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