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Portugal e a Globalização: um Destino Histórico?

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  • Pereira, Luis Brites

Abstract

O fenómeno da globalização económica e financeira iniciou-se no século XV com a era dos descobrimentos portugueses, que conduziram à afirmação progressiva da hegemonia da Europa Ocidental e Atlântica, em geral, e de Portugal, em particular, sobre o resto do mundo neste período. Desde então, verifica-se uma integração nas dinâmicas de mundialização económica de praticamente todas as zonas do globo, com os seus recursos materiais e humanos, na generalização e intensificação a todos os níveis das trocas de mercadorias e dos movimentos de capitais e no incremento das inovações tecnológicas e institucionais.3 Para Portugal, o mérito de ser a primeira “nação globalizadora" derivou de um conjunto de inovações geo-económicas e geo-políticas criadas pela liderança portuguesa da altura. É de salientar o papel que as políticas activas de promoção da inovação tecnológica tiveram neste processo de afirmação de hegemonia, designadamente ao nível das técnicas de navegação. A criação de um sistema global de frotas, bases, alianças e rotas de comércio; a organização de um projecto colectivo de 'descobertas', e, acima de tudo, a implantação de uma instituição de liderança global permitiu aos portugueses serem os primeiros a olhar "para fora", para o mundo, em geometria variável, tirando dessa situação um enorme proveito económico.

Suggested Citation

  • Pereira, Luis Brites, 2007. "Portugal e a Globalização: um Destino Histórico?," FEUNL Working Paper Series wp514, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia.
  • Handle: RePEc:unl:unlfep:wp514
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    1. Gervais, Simon & Odean, Terrance, 2001. "Learning to be Overconfident," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, pages 1-27.
    2. Luís Santos-Pinto & Joel Sobel, 2005. "A Model of Positive Self-Image in Subjective Assessments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 1386-1402.
    3. Basu, Sudipta & Markov, Stanimir, 2004. "Loss function assumptions in rational expectations tests on financial analysts' earnings forecasts," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 171-203, December.
    4. Chen, Zhaohui & Giovannini, Alberto, 1992. "Target zones and the distribution of exchange rates: An estimation method," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 83-89, September.
    5. Isaac, R Mark & James, Duncan, 2000. "Just Who Are You Calling Risk Averse?," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 177-187, March.
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