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Beyond market access: Trade-related measures for the least developed countries. What strategy?

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  • Ana Luiza Cortez

Abstract

This paper assesses the effectiveness of non-tariff special and differential treatment (SDT) offered exclusively to the least developed countries by WTO agreements. SDTs are inefficient in at least four aspects. First, they are not easily accessed as they require a certain level of institutional capacity. Second, when accessible they either need to be complemented by other policy interventions or are offset by measures taken elsewhere. Third, some do not respond to LDC needs. Fourth, many are too vaguely defined to provide concrete benefits. Effectiveness can be enhanced by increased LDC ownership and improved policy coherence by trading and development partners.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Luiza Cortez, 2011. "Beyond market access: Trade-related measures for the least developed countries. What strategy?," Working Papers 109, United Nations, Department of Economics and Social Affairs.
  • Handle: RePEc:une:wpaper:109
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    File URL: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/papers/2011
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    special and differential treatment; least developed countries; World Trade Organization; Uruguay Round; technical assistance; accession; multilateral trade regime; institutional capacity; enhanced integrated framework;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy

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