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Consumo y crecimiento en América Latina y el Caribe: las luces del bienestar y las sombras de la sostenibilidad


  • Andres Rius

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Carolina Roman

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)


Latin America and the Caribbean experienced outstanding economic growth in the last 10-15 years, which has been accompanied -and to some extent, driven- by increases in private consumption (CEPAL 2014). These higher levels of consumption have extended the access to valuable goods and service for less favored segments of the income scale, and luckily they have not crowded out investment. However, as it is in the conventional wisdom in Latin America, given certain conditions, consumption booms may lead to another crisis. This article organizes and presents most recently available evidence and interpretations from the literature, to critically describe what is known and what is not regarding the behavior of agents, and the pertinent prevention and response policies to stimulate savings, and keep consumption sustainable.

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  • Andres Rius & Carolina Roman, 2015. "Consumo y crecimiento en América Latina y el Caribe: las luces del bienestar y las sombras de la sostenibilidad," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 15-10, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-10-15

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    consumption; Latin American and the Caribbean; economic growth and development;

    JEL classification:

    • N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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