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Integración regional y su relación con la dinámica de las plantas: un enfoque de diferencias-en-diferencias


  • Adriana Peluffo

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)


In this work we examine technology/productivity spillovers to Uruguayan manufacturing firms through trade, foreign direct investment (FDI) and learning by exporting, for the period 1997-2001. This work contributes to the existing literature by providing evidence of the dynamic gains from opening up to trade for a small developing country, analysing the various possible channels of international technology diffusion at he firm level. We use various methodologies. To this end we use various methodologies and we take into account the effect of endogenous technological capabilities of the firms. We find evidence of positive effects of imported intermediates, exports and foreing ownership on productivity. On the other hand the results for multinational presence at the industry level and backward linkages on domestic firms productity are mixed. Nevertheless, those firms that undertake their own R&D and/or training of workers and hence have higher absorptive capacity seem to be in a better position to take advantage of external knowledge. These results would indicate that absorptive capacity matters to take advantage of increased openness and FDI, so trade liberalization along with policies aimed to improve absorptive capacity such as investign in R&D and the training of workers through training are likely to play a role in facilitating knowledge spillovers and productivity gains.

Suggested Citation

  • Adriana Peluffo, 2011. "Integración regional y su relación con la dinámica de las plantas: un enfoque de diferencias-en-diferencias," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 11-08, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-08-11

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Marisa Bucheli & Natalia Ferreira-Coimbra & Alvaro Forteza & Ianina Rossi, 2005. "El acceso a la jubilación o pensión en Uruguay: ¿cuántos y quiénes lo lograrían?," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0106, Department of Economics - dECON.
    2. Álvaro Forteza, 2007. "Efectos Distributivos de la Reforma de la Seguridad Social. El Caso Uruguayo," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 44(129), pages 31-58.
    3. Alvaro Forteza & Anna Caristo & Natalia Ferreira-Coimbra & Ianina Rossi, 2004. "Pay-Roll Contribution Financed Social Protection Programs in Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0305, Department of Economics - dECON.
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    More about this item


    trade; technology spillovers; foreign direct investment; learning by exporting; technology transfer;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights

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