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Utilité relative, politique publique optimale et croissance économique

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  • Thi Kim Cuong PHAM

Abstract

Cet article étudie l'impact de la recherche du statut social sur la croissance et la détermination des politiques publiques optimales dans un modèle de croissance avec le secteur public. Le gouvernement prélève des taxes sur le revenus individuel pour financer le bien public, étant un facteur de production. Les individus ont des préférences portant à la fois sur leur consommation et leur statut social. Celui-ci est déterminé par la position relative de l'individu dans la société en termes de richesse. On montre que la quête du statut social a un effet positif sur la croissance dans le cadre d'une économie décentralisée ainsi que sur la croissance optimale définie par le planificateur central. Le modèle démontre aussi que l'existence et la valeur de taux de taxation optimale dépendent étroitement du degré d'interaction sociale et de l'importance que l'individu accorde au statut social dans son utilité.

Suggested Citation

  • Thi Kim Cuong PHAM, 2004. "Utilité relative, politique publique optimale et croissance économique," Working Papers of BETA 2004-01, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2004-01
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    Keywords

    Croissance endogène ; Politique publique optimale ; Utilité relative ; Statut social;

    JEL classification:

    • D90 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - General
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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