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La globalisation et la réforme des modèles sociaux européens

Listed author(s):
  • André Sapir

Europe’s labour and social institutions need urgent reform if we are to grasp the opportunities offered by globalisation and avoid the threats. But the notion of a single “European Social Model” is largely unhelpful for thinking about reforms. Of the four main models operating, the “Nordic” and the “Anglo-Saxon” models are both efficient, but only the former manages to combine both equity and efficiency. Critically, the “Continental” and “Mediterranean” models, which together account for two-thirds of the GDP of the entire EU-25 and 90 per cent of the GDP of the 12-member eurozone, are inefficient and unsustainable. These models must therefore be reformed, probably by adopting features of the two more efficient models. These reforms may also involve changes towards more or less equity.

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Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series ULB Institutional Repository with number 2013/8108.

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Date of creation: 2006
Publication status: Published in: Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Economique (2006) v.XLV,p.117-130
Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/8108
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