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La globalisation et la réforme des modèles sociaux européens


  • André Sapir


Europe’s labour and social institutions need urgent reform if we are to grasp the opportunities offered by globalisation and avoid the threats. But the notion of a single “European Social Model” is largely unhelpful for thinking about reforms. Of the four main models operating, the “Nordic” and the “Anglo-Saxon” models are both efficient, but only the former manages to combine both equity and efficiency. Critically, the “Continental” and “Mediterranean” models, which together account for two-thirds of the GDP of the entire EU-25 and 90 per cent of the GDP of the 12-member eurozone, are inefficient and unsustainable. These models must therefore be reformed, probably by adopting features of the two more efficient models. These reforms may also involve changes towards more or less equity.
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  • André Sapir, 2006. "La globalisation et la réforme des modèles sociaux européens," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/8108, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/8108

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Leech, Dennis & Leech, Robert, 2005. "Voting Power Implications of a Unified European Representation at the IMF," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 720, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
    2. Edwin M. Truman, 2006. "Reforming the IMF for the 21st Century," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number sr19.
    3. Faini, Riccardo & Grilli, Enzo, 2004. "Who Runs the IFIs?," CEPR Discussion Papers 4666, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. repec:bre:wpaper:53 is not listed on IDEAS
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