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Sous-alimentation et malnutrition dans le monde

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  • Laurence Roudart

Abstract

Cet article présente les principaux groupes de produits qui constituent l’alimentation de l’humanité au début du XXIe siècle. Il définit les concepts de sous-alimentation, malnutrition et sécurité alimentaire, expose les disponibilités énergétiques alimentaires dans différents types de pays, ainsi que des chiffres sur la suralimentation, la sous-alimentation, les carences en micronutriments et en eau potable. Il présente les conséquences de la malnutrition et retrace l’émergence de la reconnaissance internationale du problème de la faim. Il relate les évolutions concomitantes de la population et de la production agricole mondiales, la transformation des régimes alimentaires dans les pays développés, ainsi que l’évolution de la sous-alimentation dans les pays en développement. Il expose les grands courants d’analyse des causes de la sous-alimentation, les politiques passées de lutte contre la faim et la malnutrition, et enfin des perspectives alimentaires et agricoles à l’horizon 2050.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurence Roudart, 2011. "Sous-alimentation et malnutrition dans le monde," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/44812, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/44812
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