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Aviation liberalization as a means to promote international tourism: The EU–Morocco case


  • Frédéric Dobruszkes
  • Véronique Mondou


This paper analyzes the extent to which the liberalization of the airline market between the EU and Morocco has led to significant changes in both air services and leisure travel, thus contributing to the Moroccan tourist master plan to attract 10 million tourists. Liberalization has led to a large expansion of regular air services in terms of the number of seats and routes supplied but also to a decrease in charter business. The low-cost airlines are the main players in this move. International leisure mobility to Morocco has also strongly increased, although the relation with air transport liberalization is less clear. This increase involves both Moroccans living abroad and foreign tourists. Air transport has grown its market share despite the significant decrease in the number of tour operator packages sold. The increase is particularly large among Moroccan citizens living abroad, suggesting new habits with regard to long-distance mobility.

Suggested Citation

  • Frédéric Dobruszkes & Véronique Mondou, 2013. "Aviation liberalization as a means to promote international tourism: The EU–Morocco case," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/142613, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/142613

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    Cited by:

    1. Albalate, Daniel & Fageda, Xavier, 2016. "High speed rail and tourism: Empirical evidence from Spain," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 174-185.
    2. repec:eee:trapol:v:63:y:2018:i:c:p:61-72 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:touman:v:61:y:2017:i:c:p:465-471 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Wu, Chuntao, 2016. "How aviation deregulation promotes international tourism in Northeast Asia: A case of the charter market in Japan," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 260-271.
    5. repec:eee:anture:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:67-77 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Daniel Albalate & Javier Campos & Juan Luis Jiménez, 2015. "“Tourism and high speed rail in Spain: Does the AVE increase local visitors?”," IREA Working Papers 201527, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Dec 2015.
    7. Lohmann, Gui & Vianna, Camila, 2016. "Air route suspension: The role of stakeholder engagement and aviation and non-aviation factors," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 199-210.
    8. repec:eee:touman:v:60:y:2017:i:c:p:390-403 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Pagliara, Francesca & La Pietra, Andrea & Gomez, Juan & Manuel Vassallo, José, 2015. "High Speed Rail and the tourism market: Evidence from the Madrid case study," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 187-194.
    10. Daniel Albalate del sol, 2015. "Evaluating HSR availability on Tourism: Evidence from Spanish Provinces and Cities," ERSA conference papers ersa15p288, European Regional Science Association.
    11. Bernardo, Valeria & Fageda, Xavier, 2017. "The effects of the Morocco-European Union open skies agreement: A difference-in-differences analysis," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 24-41.
    12. Yarde, Kareem & Jönsson, Cristina, 2016. "Implications for CARICOM member states in the search for a ‘liberally controlled’ air transport market: The case of regional tourism to Barbados," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 12-22.

    More about this item


    Air transport liberalization; Air travel; Low-cost airlines; Charter airlines; Leisure travel; Visits to friends and relatives; Morocco;

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