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Why reform Europe's universities

Author

Listed:
  • Philippe Aghion
  • Mathias Dewatripont
  • Caroline Hoxby
  • Andreu Mas-Colell
  • André Sapir

Abstract

Based on a survey of European universities, this policy brief states that despite the good performance of some countries, Europe as a whole trails the US by a wide margin. The reason is two-fold. First, Europe invests too little in higher education. Second, European universities suffer from poor governance, insufficient autonomy and often perverse incentives. If Europe is to be a leader in the global knowledge economy, comprehensive reform of higher education is the order of the day. Most countries should invest an extra one percent in higher education each year, and universities should be given more autonomy in budgets, hiring and remuneration.
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Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Aghion & Mathias Dewatripont & Caroline Hoxby & Andreu Mas-Colell & André Sapir, 2008. "Why reform Europe's universities," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/101651, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/101651
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    Cited by:

    1. Karine Gauche & Ariel Eggrickx, 2012. "Pilotage de la recherche à l'université: premiers résultats d'une étude de cas enchâssés," Post-Print hal-00766939, HAL.
    2. Mauro Sylos Labini & Natalia Zinovyeva, 2011. "Stimulating graduates' research-oriented careers: does academic research matter?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(1), pages 337-365, February.
    3. Jean-Luc Gaffard, 2011. "L’économie de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche. De la nécessité de marcher sur ses deux jambes," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/eu4vqp9ompq, Sciences Po.
    4. Luc Bauwens & Giordano Mion & Jacques-François Thisse, 2011. "The Resistible Decline of European Science," Recherches économiques de Louvain, De Boeck Université, vol. 77(4), pages 5-31.
    5. Quentin Max David, 2013. "Determinants of Research Production at Top Universities," iCite Working Papers 2014-007, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    6. Reinhilde Veugelers (ed.), 2009. "The Evaluation of the Finnish National Innovation System - Full Report," Books, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 495.
    7. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/eu4vqp9ompqllr09hih40e5sm is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Karine Gauche & Ariel Eggrickx, 2012. "Pilotage de la recherche à l'université : premiers résultats d'une étude de cas enchâssés," Post-Print hal-00936651, HAL.
    9. repec:eee:tefoso:v:123:y:2017:i:c:p:169-180 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Philippe Aghion & Mathias Dewatripont & Caroline Hoxby & Andreu Mas-Colell & André Sapir, 2010. "The governance and performance of universities: evidence from Europe and the US," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 25, pages 7-59, January.
    11. Georg Licht & Bettina Peters & Christian Köhler & Franz Schwiebacher, 2014. "The Potential Contribution of Innovation Systems to Socio-Ecological Transition," WWWforEurope Deliverables series 4, WWWforEurope.
    12. Alex Coad, 2008. "Distance to Frontier and Appropriate Business Strategy," LEM Papers Series 2008/13, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    13. Berbegal-Mirabent, Jasmina & Lafuente, Esteban & Solé, Francesc, 2013. "The pursuit of knowledge transfer activities: An efficiency analysis of Spanish universities," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(10), pages 2051-2059.
    14. Reinhilde Veugelers & Frederick Van der Ploeg, 2008. "Reforming European Universities: Scope for an Evidence-Based Process," CESifo Working Paper Series 2298, CESifo Group Munich.
    15. Ana Hidalgo & Amparo Castelló-Climent, 2010. "Quality and Quantity of Education in the Process of Development," 2010 Meeting Papers 238, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    16. Martin Heipertz & Melanie Ward-Warmedinger, 2008. "Economic and Social Models in Europe and the Importance of Reform," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 32(3), pages 255-287.
    17. Meacci, Ferdinando, 2008. "The new Italian graduation system and the new institutions for raising university funds in Italy," MPRA Paper 13328, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 09 Feb 2009.
    18. Castelló-Climent, Amparo & Hidalgo-Cabrillana, Ana, 2012. "The role of educational quality and quantity in the process of economic development," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 391-409.
    19. Heinz Hollenstein, 2013. "Wirtschaftliche Rahmenbedingungen als Element der Innovationspolitik," KOF Analysen, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, vol. 7(2), pages 47-55, June.
    20. Havas, Attila, 2011. "Multiple futures for higher education in a multi-level structure," MPRA Paper 38117, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Philippe Aghion & Mathias Dewatripont & Caroline M. Hoxby & Andreu Mas-Colell & André Sapir, 2009. "The Governance and Performance of Research Universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S," NBER Working Papers 14851, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    22. Andreas Bühn & Alexander Karmann, 2008. "Hochschulentwicklung in Sachsen : einige ordnungspolitische Gedanken," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 15(05), pages 38-42, October.
    23. repec:ces:ifodre:v:15:y:2008:i:05:p:s.38-42 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. Ruiz-Castillo Ucelay, Javier & Carrasco Perea, Raquel, 2017. "Governance, Brain Drain, and Brain Gain in Elite Academic Institutions in Economics : the Case of Spain," UC3M Working papers. Economics 26093, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.

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