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Desigualdades regionais e retomada do crescimento num quadro de integração económica

  • L. Lavinas
  • M. H. Garcia
  • M. R. Amaral

Este artigo apresenta um quadro geral da evolução das desigualdades regionais entre os estados e regiões brasileiras ao longo do período 85/95, através da análise de indicadores sociais e econômicos. A partir de tais indicadores constata-se tendência ao aumento da dispersão das rendas estaduais, sobretudo após 1992, apontando para o recrudescimento das desigualdades entre unidades da federação. A avaliação do desempenho econômico se dá com base na evolução dos PIB estaduais (setoriais) e da balança comercial. Numa década de crescimento mediocre algumas regiões periféricas parecem estar redefinindo sua inserção a nivel do comércio internacinal, como é o caso do Norte e do Centro-Oeste. O Nordeste evidencia forte estagnação no período analisado, não se integrando ao Mercosul, que favorece primordialmente os estados das regiões Sul e Sudeste, destacadamente São Paulo. Assim, podemos indicar o risco de que novas trajetórias de crescimento possam vir a ser abortadas por carecerem de condições mínimas de sustentação, como ocorrido no passado recente.

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File URL: http://decon.edu.uy/publica/1996/Doc1196.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 1196.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Dec 1996
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:1196
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