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Políticas hacia el capital extranjero en América Latina 1990-2014

Author

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  • Gustavo Bittencourt

    () (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

Abstract

En este documento se sintetiza la política hacia el capital extranjero en América Latina desde 1990 a 2014, tomando una muestra de 13 países, casi todos los sudamericanos más México, Panamá y Costa Rica. Se elabora una tipología de instrumentos apoyada en clasificaciones de Dunning y de UNCTAD, en la que se disponen 4 tipos de instrumentos reguladores y 5 promocionales, cuya aplicación se examina a través de una amplia revisión bibliográfica que consta en informes de cada país. Se resumen esos informes que constan en la web del equipo de investigación y se identifican estrategias a partir de las configuraciones de instrumentos. Se constata que las estrategias se reorientan desde el predominio promocional en los 1990s hasta una mayor presencia de instrumentos regulatorios, con algunos casos de confrontación vía expropiación, pero que implican confrontaciones menores que las del pasado. Se identifican muy pocos casos que puedan caracterizarse como estrategias de desarrollo “asistidas por la IED”.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustavo Bittencourt, 2016. "Políticas hacia el capital extranjero en América Latina 1990-2014," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1116, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:1116
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    IED; América Latina; Desarrollo; Política;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F29 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Other

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