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Transformación estructural y convergencia: evidencia comparada para Uruguay y otros países especializados en bienes intensivos en recursos naturales


  • Alvaro Brunini

    () (Instituto de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administración, Universidad de la República)

  • Sebastián Fleitas

    () (Instituto de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administración, Universidad de la República)

  • Guzmán Ourens

    () (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)


This article is immerse in the debate over the determinants of countries income level convergence and states that the productive structure of a country is one of the most important of such determinants. A comparative study is performed, testing the potentiality for structural change, for Uruguay and nine other countries with a commercial specialization that may be considered similar between them. In order to do this, the article propone a new interpretation of the Product Space created by Hausmann and other Harvard University researchers, based upon the theoretical framework of the latest works of the ECLALC, which points at the technological capabilities as one of the most important causes of potentialities for a productive structure to modify itself. The article main conclusion is that Uruguay shows different potentialities for structural change that those countries with a similar specialization.

Suggested Citation

  • Alvaro Brunini & Sebastián Fleitas & Guzmán Ourens, 2010. "Transformación estructural y convergencia: evidencia comparada para Uruguay y otros países especializados en bienes intensivos en recursos naturales," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0610, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0610

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Weshah A. Razzak & Jason C. Timmins, 2008. "A Macroeconomic Perspective On Skill Shortages And The Skill Premium In New Zealand ," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 74-91, March.
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    6. Kiley, Michael T, 1999. "The Supply of Skilled Labour and Skill-Biased Technological Progress," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(458), pages 708-724, October.
    7. Eric A. Hanushek, 1979. "Conceptual and Empirical Issues in the Estimation of Educational Production Functions," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 14(3), pages 351-388.
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    9. Bas Jacobs, 2004. "The Lost Race between Schooling and Technology," De Economist, Springer, vol. 152(1), pages 47-78, March.
    10. Atolia, Manoj, 2007. "Trade liberalization and rising wage inequality in Latin America: Reconciliation with HOS theory," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 467-494, April.
    11. Birdsall, Nancy & Ross, David & Sabot, Richard, 1995. "Inequality and Growth Reconsidered: Lessons from East Asia," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 9(3), pages 477-508, September.
    12. Menezes-Filho, Naercio & Scorzafave, Luiz, 2009. "Employment and Inequality of Outcomes in Brazil," Insper Working Papers wpe_200, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa.
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    Cited by:

    1. Brida, Juan Gabriel & London, Silvia & Rojas, Mara, 2012. "Convergencia interregional en dinámica de regimenes: el caso del Mercosur
      [Regional convergence of dynamic of regimens: the case of Mercosur]
      ," MPRA Paper 36863, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Convergence; Structural Change; Technological Capabilities; Product Space;

    JEL classification:

    • F19 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Other
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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