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La gran depresión (1929-1932) en Chile

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  • Luis Riveros

Abstract

Este artículo analiza el transcurso de la Gran depresión (1929 – 1932) en Chile. Su principal propósito es extraer lecciones de política en vistas a la recesión mundial que se encuentra actualmente en curso. Se analizan los prolegómenos, especialmente la crisis de pos guerra y la recuperación conseguida a partir de 1925. El estudio de la crisis se centra en los efectos productivos, de empleo, de comercio exterior y macroeconómicos en general, que derivaron en significativos problemas políticos y en un proteccionismo industrial que marcaría el resto de la historia económica chilena del siglo XX. El estudio señala que la autoridad actuó muy tardíamente para producir la inconvertibilidad del peso que habría permitido un ajuste mas rápido frente a una circunstancia externa que llevó a deficitarios resultados en la balanza comercial, imposibilidad de acceso a financiamiento externo y, además, a pérdida de reservas y a políticas de déficit fiscal con emisión monetaria que también llevaron a una creciente inflación a partir de 1932.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Riveros, 2009. "La gran depresión (1929-1932) en Chile," Working Papers wp293, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp293
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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/1f8c7b96-a415-45de-80f4-7ee899b81434.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. François Bourguignon & Francisco H. G. Ferreira & Marta Menéndez, 2007. "Inequality Of Opportunity In Brazil," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 53(4), pages 585-618, December.
    2. Alesina, Alberto & Di Tella, Rafael & MacCulloch, Robert, 2004. "Inequality and happiness: are Europeans and Americans different?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, pages 2009-2042.
    3. Jere R. Behrman & Mark R. Rosenzweig, 2004. "Returns to Birthweight," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(2), pages 586-601, May.
    4. Javier Núñez & Andrea Tartakowsky, 2007. "Inequality of outcomes vs. inequality of opportunities in a developing country. An exploratory analysis for Chile," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 34(2 Year 20), pages 185-202, December.
    5. Jaime Ruiz-Tagle, 2007. "Forecasting wage inequality," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 34(2 Year 20), pages 141-162, December.
    6. Javier Núñez E. & Leslie Miranda, 2007. "Recent Findings on Intergenerational Income and Educational Mobility in Chile," Working Papers wp244, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
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    JEL classification:

    • N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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