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Delitos y sus denuncias. La cifra negra de la criminalidad en Chile y sus determinantes

Listed author(s):
  • José Miguel Benavente H.
  • Enrique Cortés T.

Este trabajo representa el primer esfuerzo en separar los determinantes socioeconomicos que afectan la vulnerabilidad de una persona de aquellos relacionados con la probabilidad que realice la denuncia condicional en haber sido víctima de un crimen. Los resultados encontrados sugieren que el nivel de crimen real es el doble de aquel reportado oficialmente basado en denuncias. Lo anterior independientemente del tipo de crimen y lugar geográfico. Por otra parte, los resultados sugieren que el nivel de ingreso individual está positivamente relacionado tanto con el grado de vulnerabilidad de las personas como también sobre la probabilidad de denunciar un crimen. No obstante lo anterior, el nivel de ingreso del barrio donde viven las personas es cuatro veces mas importante sobre la vulnerabilidad de las personas que su ingreso individual. Finalmente, los resultados muestran que la presencia policial tiene un efecto disuasivo significativo.

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Paper provided by University of Chile, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number wp228.

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Date of creation: Dec 2006
Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp228
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