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Delitos y sus denuncias. La cifra negra de la criminalidad en Chile y sus determinantes


  • José Miguel Benavente H.
  • Enrique Cortés T.


Este trabajo representa el primer esfuerzo en separar los determinantes socioeconomicos que afectan la vulnerabilidad de una persona de aquellos relacionados con la probabilidad que realice la denuncia condicional en haber sido víctima de un crimen. Los resultados encontrados sugieren que el nivel de crimen real es el doble de aquel reportado oficialmente basado en denuncias. Lo anterior independientemente del tipo de crimen y lugar geográfico. Por otra parte, los resultados sugieren que el nivel de ingreso individual está positivamente relacionado tanto con el grado de vulnerabilidad de las personas como también sobre la probabilidad de denunciar un crimen. No obstante lo anterior, el nivel de ingreso del barrio donde viven las personas es cuatro veces mas importante sobre la vulnerabilidad de las personas que su ingreso individual. Finalmente, los resultados muestran que la presencia policial tiene un efecto disuasivo significativo.

Suggested Citation

  • José Miguel Benavente H. & Enrique Cortés T., 2006. "Delitos y sus denuncias. La cifra negra de la criminalidad en Chile y sus determinantes," Working Papers wp228, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp228

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Taylor, J Edward & Rozelle, Scott & de Brauw, Alan, 2003. "Migration and Incomes in Source Communities: A New Economics of Migration Perspective from China," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 52(1), pages 75-101, October.
    2. Adams, Richard H. Jr., 2006. "Remittances and poverty in Ghana," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3838, The World Bank.
    3. Adams, Richard Jr. & Page, John, 2005. "Do international migration and remittances reduce poverty in developing countries?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 1645-1669, October.
    4. Taylor, J. Edward, 1992. "Remittances and inequality reconsidered: Direct, indirect, and intertemporal effects," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 187-208, April.
    5. Acosta, Pablo, 2006. "Labor supply, school attendance, and remittances from international migration : the case of El Salvador," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3903, The World Bank.
    6. Barham, Bradford & Boucher, Stephen, 1998. "Migration, remittances, and inequality: estimating the net effects of migration on income distribution," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 307-331, April.
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