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Non-Tariff Barriers, Enforcement, and Revenues: The Use of Anti-Dumping as a Revenue Generating Trade Policy

Author

Listed:
  • Igor Bagayev
  • Ronald B. Davies
  • Panos Hatzipanayotou
  • Panos Konstantinou
  • Marie Rau

Abstract

In contrast to developed countries, developing nations are especially reliant on trade taxes, particularly tariffs, as a source of government revenue. As such, tariff liberalization provides them with an incentive to switch towards other revenue generating trade barriers such as anti-dumping duties. The effectiveness of this is potentially limited due to the greater enforcement challenges with the exporter specific anti-dumping relative to broad-based tariffs. We examine this by estimating the impact of anti-dumping measures for 82 importing countries from 2008-2014. We find that anti-dumping's trade effects are larger for countries with greater policy enforcement, especially in low income countries. Although the results are somewhat sensitive to the measure of enforcement, our overall findings indicate that for countries with weak enforcement, tariff liberalization combined with a shift towards non-tariff barriers like anti-dumping is likely to lower government revenues and hamper their ability to provide the infrastructure and education needed for development.

Suggested Citation

  • Igor Bagayev & Ronald B. Davies & Panos Hatzipanayotou & Panos Konstantinou & Marie Rau, 2017. "Non-Tariff Barriers, Enforcement, and Revenues: The Use of Anti-Dumping as a Revenue Generating Trade Policy," Working Papers 201706, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucn:wpaper:201706
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/8493
    File Function: First version, 2017
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Anti-dumping; Enforcement; Non-tariff barriers; Tax revenues; Shadow economy;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • H27 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Other Sources of Revenue

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