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Flujos de IED mexicana hacia Europa y presencia de grandes multinacionales mexicanas en España. Evidencia empírica y reflexiones teóricas

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Abstract

En el trabajo se aborda el análisis de los determinantes de una “segunda oleada” de inversión externa de las empresas multinacionales (MNEs) mexicanas que arranca a inicios de los años 1990s y posteriormente se orienta a Europa. Se sustenta teóricamente en la versión dinámica del “Investment. Development Path” desarrollada por J. Dunning y R. Narula pero incorporando una propuesta de interpretación que destaca la vinculación específica entre: a) la estructura de la economía mexicana en una coyuntura excepcional durante los años 1980s, b) las transformaciones económicas internacionales del momento y c) la estrategia implementada por el sector empresarial oligopólico ante la apertura económica. Esta propuesta difiere de la aplicada por las teorías convencionales para los casos de formación de MNEs de países desarrolladas y de las llamadas economías emergentes asiáticas, fundamentalmente en cuanto a la secuencia por etapas. El análisis desprende consecuencias particulares en el devenir de las MNEs mexicanas, especialmente en cuanto al proceso de internalización de nuevas tecnologías y en cuanto a un relativo aislamiento respecto a la evolución de la economía mexicana.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Basave Kunhardt, 2012. "Flujos de IED mexicana hacia Europa y presencia de grandes multinacionales mexicanas en España. Evidencia empírica y reflexiones teóricas," Working Papers del Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales 1204, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucm:wpaper:1204
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lecraw, Donald J, 1977. "Direct Investment by Firms from Less Developed Countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 29(3), pages 442-457, November.
    2. Bruce Kogut & Udo Zander, 1993. "Knowledge of the Firm and the Evolutionary Theory of the Multinational Corporation," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 24(4), pages 625-645, December.
    3. Moreno-Brid, Juan Carlos & Ros, Jaime, 2009. "Development and Growth in the Mexican Economy: An Historical Perspective," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195371161.
    4. Rajneesh Narula & John Dunning, 2000. "Industrial Development, Globalization and Multinational Enterprises: New Realities for Developing Countries," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(2), pages 141-167.
    5. Cuervo-Cazurra, Alvaro, 2007. "Sequence of value-added activities in the multinationalization of developing country firms," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 258-277, September.
    6. John H Dunning, 1995. "Reappraising the Eclectic Paradigm in an Age of Alliance Capitalism," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 26(3), pages 461-491, September.
    7. Dunning, John H., 2000. "The eclectic paradigm as an envelope for economic and business theories of MNE activity," International Business Review, Elsevier, pages 163-190.
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