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Exportaciones y crecimiento económico: estudios empíricos

Author

Listed:
  • Vicente Donoso

    (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid.)

  • Víctor Martín

    (Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos)

Abstract

El trabajo tiene por objeto revisar los principales estudios empíricos que se han llevado a cabo para contrastar la hipótesis de las exportaciones como motor del crecimiento económico. Debido a la ambigüedad teórica de los argumentos, se hace necesario recurrir a los análisis empíricos. Estos se ordenan según la metodología empleada en ellos, que ha sido variada: desde el simple análisis de caso, pasando por los modelos de regresión de sección cruzada, las ecuaciones simultáneas y el empleo de funciones de producción, hasta las técnicas más recientes de cointegración y de modelos de corrección del error. La principal conclusión es la persistencia de claras discrepancias en muchos de estos estudios, incluso cuando se refieren a parecidos países, en semejantes períodos temporales y habiéndose empleado las mismas técnicas. Este resultado aconseja ser cautelosos a la hora de utilizar la hipótesis export led growth, en cuanto recomendación general, para todo tiempo y país, de la política económica y comercial.

Suggested Citation

  • Vicente Donoso & Víctor Martín, 2009. "Exportaciones y crecimiento económico: estudios empíricos," Working Papers del Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales 0905, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucm:wpaper:0905
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    References listed on IDEAS

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