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Irlanda y Finlandia: Dos Modelos de Especialización en Tecnologías Avanzadas

  • Rafael Fernández Sánchez

    ()

    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales (ICEI))

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    El artículo compara las experiencias económicas de Irlanda y Finlandia, que son los dos países que en el periodo 1994-2003 alcanzaron las tasas de crecimiento más altas de toda la Unión Europea. En este tiempo, las dos economías se han reorientado hacia un nuevo patrón de especialización basado en sectores de tecnología avanzada, que se ha mostrado extraordinariamente competitivo a nivel internacional. La aplicación de una política industrial de largo plazo ha sido determinante en el éxito de estas dos experiencias. Sin embargo, la orientación estratégica de esas políticas ha sido muy diferente, si bien es posible detectar algunas coincidencias relevantes entre ellas. La conclusión más destacada del trabajo es que la estrategia irlandesa parece más brillante pero la experiencia escandinava es más consistente.

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    File URL: http://eprints.ucm.es/11860/1/PP03-05.pdf
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    Paper provided by Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales in its series Policy Papers del Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales with number 05-03.

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    Length: 21 pages
    Date of creation: 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ucm:ppaper:03-05
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    1. Patrick Honohan & Brendan Walsh, 2002. "Catching Up with the Leaders: The Irish Hare," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 33(1), pages 1-78.
    2. Barry, Frank, 2004. "Export-platform foreign direct investment: the Irish experience," EIB Papers 6/2004, European Investment Bank, Economics Department.
    3. Hannes Suppanz & Michael Wise & Michael Kiley, 2004. "Product Market Competition and Economic Performance in the United States," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 398, OECD Publishing.
    4. Francesco Daveri & Olmo Silva, 2004. "Not only Nokia: what Finland tells us about new economy growth," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 19(38), pages 117-163, 04.
    5. Jens Høj & Michael Wise, 2004. "Product Market Competition and Economic Performance in Japan," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 387, OECD Publishing.
    6. Jaakko Kiander, 2004. "The Evolution of the Finnish Model in the 1990s: from Depression to High-tech Boom," Discussion Papers 344, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
    7. Yongchun Baek & Randall S. Jones & Michael Wise, 2004. "Product Market Competition and Economic Performance in Korea," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 399, OECD Publishing.
    8. Lemola, Tarmo, 2002. "Convergence of national science and technology policies: the case of Finland," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(8-9), pages 1481-1490, December.
    9. Jens Høj & Michael Wise, 2004. "Product Market Competition and Economic Performance in Norway," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 389, OECD Publishing.
    10. Jens Høj & Michael Wise, 2004. "Product Market Competition and Economic Performance in Finland," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 413, OECD Publishing.
    11. Slevin, Geraldine, 2002. "Is There a "New Economy" in Ireland?," Research Technical Papers 3/RT/02, Central Bank of Ireland.
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