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La banque mondiale et le developpement economique des nouveaux pays industriels asiatiques : un analyse critique

  • Pablo Bustelo

    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales)

Le succès indéniable des NPI asiatiques a fait l'objet de deux interprétations successives par la Banque Mondiale. D'abord, dans les années 80 la Banque s'est rapprochée de la "nouvelle" orthodoxie néoclassique (Balassa, Krueger, ...) et donc des thèses néolibérales. Dans les années 90, et surtout à partir de la publication du Rapport sur le développement dans le monde 1991 et de l'étude Le miracle de l'Asie orientale (1993), la Banque a commencé à défendre une approche fondée sur une intervention étatique favorable au fonctionnement du marché (marketfriendly intervention), ce qui aurait abouti à un nouveau "consensus" sur le développement. Dans le cadre de cette communication, on s'attache à mettre en évidence, en traitant particulièrement de la Corée du Sud et de Taïwan: (1) les raisons qui expliquent la "contrerévolution" néoclassique des années 80 ainsi que ses limites principales; (2) les facteurs de l'apparition de l'approche favorable au marché des années 90 et (3) les limites de cette nouvelle thèse, en ce qui concerne ses liens étroits - mais non reconnus - avec l'orthodoxie néoclassique précédente et l'absence de fondement empirique de cette interprétation dans le cas des NPI asiatiques.

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Paper provided by Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales in its series Documentos de trabajo de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales with number 94-24.

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Date of creation: 1994
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Handle: RePEc:ucm:doctra:94-24
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  1. Perkins, Dwight H., 1994. "There are at least three models of East Asian development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 655-661, April.
  2. Yanagihara, Toru, 1994. "Anything new in the miracle report? Yes and no," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 663-670, April.
  3. Lall, Sanjaya, 1994. "The East Asian miracle: Does the bell toll for industrial strategy?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 645-654, April.
  4. Amsden, Alice H., 1994. "Why isn't the whole world experimenting with the East Asian model to develop?: Review of the East Asian miracle," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 627-633, April.
  5. Page, John M., 1994. "The East Asian miracle: An introduction," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 615-625, April.
  6. Rodrik, Dani, 1994. "King Kong Meets Godzilla: The World Bank and The East Asian Miracle," CEPR Discussion Papers 944, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Summers, Lawrence H & Thomas, Vinod, 1993. "Recent Lessons of Development," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 8(2), pages 241-54, July.
  8. Wang, Yan & Thomas, Vinod, 1993. "Market supplanting versus market fostering interventions: China, East Asia and other developing countries," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 243-258.
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