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La creación de valor: una aproximación

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Abstract

La creación de valor es el objetivo de toda buena gerencia. Si antes el objetivo fue la maximización del beneficio, ahora este objetivo de beneficio ha sido suplantado por la creación de valor. Pero, ¿cómo se mide el valor?. Esta cuestión muy sencilla en su planteamiento a la hora de ponerla en práctica no lo es tanto. En síntesis podemos medir el valor creado en la empresa considerando no solamente el beneficio sino también el coste que ha supuesto generar ese beneficio. En definitiva si el beneficio obtenido supera el coste de los recursos implicados, podremos decir que se ha creado valor. Si esto lo trasladamos a la toma de decisiones de inversión significa que para que se cree valor en la empresa el VAN de la inversión deberá ser positivo y por tanto estaremos invirtiendo en activos que generan un valor adicional para la empresa. Pues bien en este trabajo se pretende abarcar toda esta problemática referente a la medición del valor. En primer lugar se muestra la definición de este objetivo, de creación de valor, en la empresa y sus repercusiones sobre la labor del director financiero. En segundo lugar se plantean cuales son los mecanismos de creación de valor en la empresa desde una doble perspectiva. Por un lado considerando el descuento de flujos de caja libres y por otro mediante el descuento de los flujos de caja libres para los accionistas. A continuación se definen los diferentes métodos existentes para medir la creación de valor en la empresa y se plantean las ventajas e inconvenientes de cada uno de ellos. Por último se proponen otros métodos alternativos para la medición del valor que en su mayoría tratan de paliar las limitaciones de los métodos anteriores.

Suggested Citation

  • Mª del Carmen Rapallo Serrano, 2002. "La creación de valor: una aproximación," Documentos de trabajo de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales 02-11, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucm:doctra:02-11
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    Keywords

    Creación de valor; Accionista; Flujo neto de caja; Tasa de descuento.;

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