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Henry George y el Georgismo

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Abstract

Este trabajo analiza a fondo las ideas del economista norteamericano e intenta elucidar las razones de dicha revalorización. En primer lugar, tras la propuesta del impuesto único –a menudo mal interpretada– hay, además de argumentos éticos y fiscales, todo un intento de explicar el funcionamiento de la economía a través de la modificación del modelo ricardiano. Ciertamente, las debilidades teóricas de George son importantes, pero también es verdad que aportó algunas intuiciones de interés (como, por ejemplo, en lo referente a la retribución factorial o al concepto de externalidades). En segundo lugar, como se tendrá ocasión de comprobar, George ha atraído la atención de economistas importantes –desde Marshall o Clark hasta Stigler–, que bien han reconocido haber sido influenciados por su obra, bien han discutido con provecho sus ideas, o bien, simplemente, se han sentido fascinados por su figura y su poderosa retórica. Por último, en tercer lugar, la influencia real de George ha sido más importante y duradera de lo que en principio cabría esperar a la vista de lo que significó el movimiento georgista (que se diluyó durante el primer tercio del siglo XX). La verdadera influencia de George radica en su gran ascendencia sobre el socialismo fabiano, movimiento que luego acabaría derivando en el laborismo británico y la socialdemocracia.

Suggested Citation

  • José Luis Ramos Gorostiza, 2000. "Henry George y el Georgismo," Documentos de trabajo de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales 00-06, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucm:doctra:00-06
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Henry George; Georgismo; Ideas económicas.;

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