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Análisis del uso de beneficios en el Seguro de Cesantía Chileno

Este documento intenta caracterizar el comportamiento de uso de los beneficios del Seguro de Cesantía Chileno. A partir de datos administrativos de este programa se observa que sólo el 35% de los individuos que, siendo elegibles para beneficios y con una pausa de al menos un mes sin cotizar, solicita alguno de los beneficios que el Seguro contempla. Las explicaciones detrás de este fenómeno se agrupan usualmente en cuatro categorías: costos pecuniarios, costos de información, costos de transacción o administrativos y costos sociales o sicológicos. Los resultados sugieren que parte importante del bajo uso de los beneficios parece surgir de decisiones racionales de agentes bien informados. No obstante, las variables que buscan medir la información disponible para el afiliado muestran una correlación positiva y significativa con el comportamiento de uso del programa. Los resultados relacionados con variables asociadas a costos de transacción arrojan resultados contradictorios, por lo que es posible que estén capturando el efecto sobre aspectos no observados de las comunas de residencia (como el acceso a oportunidades laborales). 1 Este.

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Paper provided by Adolfo Ibáñez University, School of Government in its series Working Papers with number wp_017.

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Date of creation: Mar 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uai:wpaper:wp_017
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  1. Paul Storer & Marc A. Van Audenrode, 1995. "Unemployment Insurance Take-Up Rates in Canada: Facts, Determinants, and Implications," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4a), pages 822-35, November.
  2. Solange Berstein & Eduardo Fajnzylber & Pamela Gana & Isabel Poblete, 2007. "Cinco Años de Funcionamiento del Seguro de Cesantía en Chile," Working Papers 23, Superintendencia de Pensiones, revised Dec 2007.
  3. Eduardo Fajnzylber & Isabel Poblete, 2010. "Un Modelo de Proyección para el Seguro de Cesantía," Working Papers 41, Superintendencia de Pensiones, revised May 2010.
  4. Solange Berstein & Guillermo Larraín & Francisco Pino, 2005. "Cobertura, densidad y pensiones en Chile: Proyecciones a 20 años plazo," Working Papers 12, Superintendencia de Pensiones, revised Nov 2005.
  5. Virginia Hernanz & Franck Malherbet & Michele Pellizzari, 2004. "Take-Up of Welfare Benefits in OECD Countries: A Review of the Evidence," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 17, OECD Publishing.
  6. McCall, Brian P, 1995. "The Impact of Unemployment Insurance Benefit Levels on Recipiency," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(2), pages 189-98, April.
  7. David Card & Phillip B. Levine, 1998. "Extended Benefits and the Duration of UI Spells: Evidence from the New Jersey Extended Benefit Program," NBER Working Papers 6714, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Hartley, Gonzalo Reyes & van Ours, Jan C. & Vodopivec, Milan, 2011. "Incentive effects of unemployment insurance savings accounts: Evidence from Chile," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 798-809.
  9. Jennifer L. Warlick, 1982. "Participation of the Aged in SSI," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 17(2), pages 236-260.
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