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Convergencia regional en productividad y cambios en la estructura productiva

Author

Listed:
  • Juan Ramón Cuadrado Roura
  • Andrés Maroto Sánchez

Abstract

La evolución de las disparidades regionales en España ha sido objeto de numerosos análisis orientados a mostrar si se ha producido o no un proceso de convergencia. Este trabajo toma como centro de referencia la evolución de la productividad por comunidades autónomas y estudia su evolución en las últimas décadas en relación con los cambios registrados en las estructuras productivas de las distintas regiones. El análisis comprueba, en primer lugar, que si bien la progresiva homogeneización de las estructuras productivas de las regiones españolas ha dado lugar a un proceso de convergencia de su productividad laboral agregada, existen notables discrepancias cuando se realiza un análisis por sectores. El trabajo sostiene, asimismo, que la evolución de la convergencia „sigma? y su descomposición muestran que la productividad laboral ha contribuido cada vez menos a reducir la dispersión en PIB por habitante y que el empleo por habitante ha registrado y mantenido notables divergencias por regiones. En definitiva, el artículo confirma la detención del proceso de convergencia de las regiones españolas, la escasa o casi nula contribución de la productividad a dicho proceso en los últimos años y la relación que esto guarda con la aproximación de las estructuras productivas. Se apuntan, asimismo, otras posibles causas del lento avance de la convergencia interregional en productividad.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Ramón Cuadrado Roura & Andrés Maroto Sánchez, 2008. "Convergencia regional en productividad y cambios en la estructura productiva," Working Papers 12/08, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
  • Handle: RePEc:uae:wpaper:1208
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    4. M. Chatterji & J. H. Ll. Dewhurst, 1996. "Convergence Clubs and Relative Economic Performance in Great Britain: 1977-1991," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(1), pages 31-39.
    5. Baumol, William J & Wolff, Edward N, 1988. "Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 1155-1159.
    6. Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura, 2001. "Regional convergence in the European Union: From hypothesis to the actual trends," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, pages 333-356.
    7. Aadne Cappelen & Fulvio Castellacci & Jan Fagerberg & Bart Verspagen, 2003. "The Impact of EU Regional Support on Growth and Convergence in the European Union," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41, pages 621-644, September.
    8. Quah, Danny T., 1996. "Empirics for economic growth and convergence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1353-1375, June.
    9. Oecd, 2005. "Growth in Services - Fostering Employment, Productivity and Innovation," OECD Digital Economy Papers 94, OECD Publishing.
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