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Auge y colapso de la demanda de viviendas en España: factores determinantes

  • Manuel A. Blanco Losada
  • Rafael Frutos Vivar
  • Elena López y Díaz-Delgado
  • Silvio Martínez Vicente
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    En este artículo se presenta un modelo de demanda de viviendas que permite analizar las causas que motivaron el boom inmobiliario protagonizado por la economía española, así como su posterior colapso. Según nuestro modelo, el boom tuvo su origen en el alza especulativa de precios, que produjo un doble efecto. Por un lado, el aumento de la riqueza inmobiliaria incrementó la capacidad financiera familiar, induciendo una mayor propensión al endeudamiento y a la inversión residencial. Por otro, el hecho de que la revalorización de la vivienda superara por momentos la cuota hipotecaria indujo un incremento adicional de la demanda de aquéllas. Sin embargo, estas fuerzas comenzaron a jugar en sentido contrario tras la explosión de la burbuja, provocando un brusco desplome de las compraventas. El modelo pone de relieve que la secular preferencia de los españoles por la vivienda en propiedad tenía un fundamento económico que ahora ha desaparecido.

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    File URL: http://www2.uah.es/iaes/publicaciones/DT_02_13.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2013
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    Paper provided by Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social in its series Working Papers with number 02/13.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: Feb 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:uae:wpaper:0213
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