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Deuda hídrica y escasez. Análisis MRIO del uso del agua en Andalucía

Author

Listed:
  • Francisco Navarro

    () (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • Cristina Madrid

    () (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

El objetivo del presente trabajo es realizar un análisis regional y sectorial del Balance Neto de agua virtual asociada al comercio entre la región de Andalucía y el resto de España para el año 2005. Para ello, desarrollamos una metodología que nos permite efectuar un análisis comparativo del uso del agua en ambas regiones, en cuanto al impacto de su producción sectorial y de su demanda final. Incluimos en el marco metodológico el nuevo concepto de Agua Virtual, ya que está tomando gran relevancia en la arena de la Gestión Hídrica. La base del marco metodológico es el análisis Input-Output. En particular, construimos un modelo Input- Output Multi-Regional (MRIO) para las regiones consideradas. Esta herramienta es el método más utilizado para los estudios en los que se asigna la responsabilidad del uso de recursos de acuerdo a la demanda final, localizada territorialmente, de cada rama productiva. Entre otras ventajas, nos permite analizar los vínculos interregionales e intersectoriales de las regiones consideradas. La incorporación de la técnica de la integración vertical o subsistemas a nivel interregional nos permite un enfoque alternativo para el Balance Neto resultante, en el que puede examinarse la importancia de una determinada rama productiva de acuerdo a su influencia en el resto de sectores de las diversas regiones. No tenemos constancia de que este enfoque haya sido utilizado con anterioridad en los análisis MRIO aplicados al estudio de los impactos medioambientales incorporados en el comercio. Tampoco la tenemos sobre la aplicación de los MRIO de forma general para estos impactos a nivel interregional de la economía española. Los estudios previos sobre el uso del agua de la región andaluza se han centrado en el comercio internacional ante la dificultad de hacer un análisis exhaustivo a nivel sectorial utilizando las estadísticas de transporte por carretera. Sin embargo, en términos monetarios, el comercio interior de la región con el resto de España supone un 52% de las “exportaciones” y un 62% de las “importaciones”. Por lo tanto, a nivel práctico, este trabajo aporta a los estudios desarrollados con anterioridad la esencial perspectiva del comercio interior. Los resultados esperados contribuyen a mejorar una información de extrema relevancia para una posible reforma estructural de la economía y el comercio interregional andaluz acorde a un mejor uso del recurso agua.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Navarro & Cristina Madrid, 2012. "Deuda hídrica y escasez. Análisis MRIO del uso del agua en Andalucía," Working Papers wpdea1203, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
  • Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wpdea1203
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    Cited by:

    1. Gemechu, Eskinder D. & Butnar, Isabela & Llop Llop, Maria & Sangwong, S. & Castells i Piqué, Francesc, 2013. "CO2 emissions embodied in international trade: A multiregional Inputoutput model for Spain," Working Papers 2072/212195, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    integración vertical; modelos multi-region input-output; Agua Virtual; gestión hídrica integrada.;

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
    • Q57 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Ecological Economics

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