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Eficiencia y equidad en la ubicación de bienes colectivos locales indivisibles

Listed author(s):
  • Joan Pasqual


    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

En contraste con el problema clásico en el que, en el óptimo, un bien colectivo local se suministra en todas y cada una de las localidades en alguna cantidad, la mejor ubicación para un bien colectivo local indivisible no es un problema que pueda resolverse atendiendo exclusivamente a la eficiencia paretiana. Con sólo dos ciudades ocurre que la frontera de posibilidades de bienestar asociada a la ubicación del bien en una ciudad no siempre domina o es dominada por la correspondiente a la otra ciudad. Para resolver la indeterminación existen tres alternativas: prescindir de la distribución del bienestar, de la eficiencia, o bien complementar el criterio de eficiencia paretiana con un criterio distributivo. En el trabajo se examinan diversas formas de decisión, como una función de bienestar social, los criterios de Kaldor y de Rawls, la unanimidad, la mayoría simple y el despotismo

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Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wpdea0412.

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Length: 14 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2004
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wpdea0412
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