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Paraguay: Analisis del sistema fiscal y su impacto en la pobreza y la equidad

Author

Listed:
  • Lea Gimenez
  • María Ana Lugo
  • Sandra Martinez
  • Humberto Colman
  • Juan Jose Galeano
  • Gabriela Farfan

Abstract

A pesar de los importantes avances experimentados en Paraguay en los ultimos anos en lo que respecta a crecimiento economico y mejoras en la calidad de vida, reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad continuan siendo objetivos centrales de la politica del Gobierno Nacional. En esta linea, el presente documento realiza un diagnostico del impacto de la politica fiscal en la desigualdad y pobreza de Paraguay para el ano 2014. Los resultados indican que el sistema fiscal es igualador y reductor de pobreza, pero que ambos efectos son pequenos a pesar de existir una buena focalizacion tanto en impuestos como en transferencias. El efecto redistributivo se encuentra significativamente por debajo del promedio regional, y mas aun, al promedio de America del Sur, mientras el impacto sobre la pobreza se encuentra en el promedio regional, aunque se mantiene por debajo del promedio de America del Sur. El analisis sugiere que el bajo nivel de impuestos directos y transferencias directas, si bien progresivo y relativamente bien focalizado, es un factor importante a la hora de explicar el limitado efecto de la politica fiscal en reducir la pobreza y la desigualdad.

Suggested Citation

  • Lea Gimenez & María Ana Lugo & Sandra Martinez & Humberto Colman & Juan Jose Galeano & Gabriela Farfan, 2017. "Paraguay: Analisis del sistema fiscal y su impacto en la pobreza y la equidad," Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Working Paper Series 74, Tulane University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tul:ceqwps:74
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    File URL: http://repec.tulane.edu/RePEc/ceq/ceq74.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Paraguay; política fiscal; pobreza; desigualdad;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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