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La caduta della produttivita' industriale in Italia e nelle regioni del Nord Est: una rilettura

Author

Listed:
  • Enrico Tundis
  • Enrico Zaninotto

Abstract

Il lavoro riconsidera l'andamento della produttivita' industriale in Italia nel decennio precedente la crisi, impiegando un vasto database di microdati di impresa. Particolare attenzione è dedicata all’evoluzione della produttività dei principali comparti della manifattura nel Nord Est in relazione alle altre aree del paese. Viene calcolato, con tecniche non parametriche robuste, e scomposto l'indice di produttività di Malmquist per l'intero periodo e per tre sottoperiodi. Si verifica che sotto al generale rallentamento della produttività stanno fenomeni molto diversi: in una prima parte del decennio il rallentamento è dovuto al basso avanzamento tecnologico, mentre nella seconda parte del periodo la frontiera tecnologica si sposta, ma il conseguente effetto positivo sulla crescita della produttività è contrastato, al tempo stesso, dalla comparsa di inefficienze produttive che allontanano mediamente le imprese dalla frontiera. Tali evidenze empiriche, generalizzate a diversi settori, sono discusse alla luce della letteratura esistente sulla produttività e sembrano riconciliare le due opposte visioni che si sono affermate nell'interpretazione della recente evoluzione della struttura industriale italiana, e in particolare di quella di piccole e medie dimensioni diffusa nel Nord Est: l'una che sottolinea la difficoltà delle imprese italiane di collocarsi sulla frontiera dell'avanzamento tecnologico; l'altra che evidenzia la presenza attiva di una numerosa popolazione di medie imprese ad alta produttività.

Suggested Citation

  • Enrico Tundis & Enrico Zaninotto, 2011. "La caduta della produttivita' industriale in Italia e nelle regioni del Nord Est: una rilettura," DISA Working Papers 2011/14, Department of Computer and Management Sciences, University of Trento, Italy, revised Oct 2011.
  • Handle: RePEc:trt:disawp:2011/14
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Produttivita' Totale dei Fattori; Malmquist.;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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