Retailer Dynamic Pricing Behavior :Their Impacts on Consumer Welfare
This paper examines retailers' dynamic pricing behavior in a competitive environment, using scanner data on the refrigerated orange juice category. Two factors may result in lower retail prices compared to static optimum prices at category-level profit maximization: (i) retailers' use of a loss leader strategy for national brands to attract more consumers, and (ii) retailers' desire to maximize store brand sales as well as category-level profit. Overall, demand volatility and the presence of store brands cause retailers to lower retail prices, thus enhancing consumer welfare. Meanwhile, during two exogenous (unfavorable) cost shock periods, the gaps between observed retail prices and static optimum prices increased. This paper suggests that retailers exhibit unique pricing behavior in the presence of store brands as well as demand and cost volatility. To avoid misinterpreting the degree of industry competition, the retailers' role in pricing should be fully understood.
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|Date of creation:||Sep 2005|
|Date of revision:|
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