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Les effets du CICE sur l’emploi, les salaires et la R&D: une évaluation ex post Résultats complémentaires

Listed author(s):
  • Fabrice Gilles
  • Yannick L'Horty
  • Ferhat Mihoubi
  • Xi Yang

Nous trouvons un effet positif sur l’emploi moyen, sur la masse salariale et sur le volume des heures travaillées, limité aux entreprises qui ont bénéficié du taux maximal de CICE, qui sont trois fois sur quatre des entreprises du tertiaire de moins de 20 salariés. Cet effet positif mais faible par son ampleur se double d’un changement dans la structure des emplois, avec une progression de l’emploi ouvrier et de celui des employés, et un recul de l’emploi des cadres. L’effet sur les salaires individuels est beaucoup moins net. Il semble avoir été plutôt négatif en 2013, en particulier pour les ouvriers des entreprises les moins bénéficiaires du CICE, et positif en 2014, essentiellement pour les cadres dans les entreprises les plus bénéficiaires du CICE (suggérant un mécanisme de type partage de rente). Les cadres ont donc vu à la fois leur situation d’emploi se détériorer et leur rémunération s’améliorer sous l’effet du CICE.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Paper provided by TEPP in its series TEPP Research Report with number 2017-02.

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Date of creation: 2017
Handle: RePEc:tep:tepprr:rr17-02
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