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uretimin Ithal Girdi Yogunlugu: Girdi-cikti Analizi

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  • Elif Ozcan Tok
  • Orhun Sevinc

Abstract

[TR] Son elli yildir kuresel pazarlarin butunlesmesi, uretim surecinin belirli asamalarda uzmanlasmis ulkelerle dikey olarak butunlesik bir yapiya donusmesini saglamistir. Turkiye de daha ucuz ve kaliteli uretim girdilerine hizli ve surekli bir bicimde ulasmak isteyen diger ulkeler gibi dis kaynaklara yonelerek ithal girdi kullanimini yogunlastirmistir. Bu calismada, girdi-cikti tablolarindan yararlanilarak uretimin ithal girdi yogunlugunun 2000’lerin basindan itibaren sektorlere ve yillara gore nasil degistigi ve Turkiye’nin dikey ticaret zincirlerine ne olcude katilim sagladigi incelenmektedir. Girdi-cikti tablolarindan yapilan hesaplamalara gore toplam uretimin ithal girdi yogunlugu 2002 yilinda yuzde 16,1 iken 2012 yilinda yuzde 19,3’e yukselmistir. Dikey uzmanlasma orani ise 2012 yilinda yuzde 30,2 civarinda seyretmektedir.[EN] The integration of global markets over the last fifty years has led to the transformation of the production process into a vertically integrated structure with countries specialized at certain stages. Turkey, like other countries that continuously want to access cheaper and higher quality production inputs, has opted for external sources and intensified its use of imported inputs. This study by utilizing input-output tables examines how the import content of production has changed since the early 2000s by sectors and years and to what extent Turkey participates in vertical trade chains. According to calculations from input-output tables, the import content of total production increased from 16.1 percent in 2002 to 19.3 percent in 2012. The vertical specialization rate is around 30.2 percent in 2012.

Suggested Citation

  • Elif Ozcan Tok & Orhun Sevinc, 2019. "uretimin Ithal Girdi Yogunlugu: Girdi-cikti Analizi," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1906, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  • Handle: RePEc:tcb:econot:1906
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