Turkiye’de Enflasyon : Sektorel ve Uluslararasi Bazda Karsilastirmali Bir Analiz ve One Cikan Noktalar
[TR] Bu calismada Turkiye’de enflasyonun Avrupa Birligi ulkelerine kiyasla yuksek seyrinde one cikan alt kalemler tespit edilmis; alkol-tutun, enerji, islenmemis gida ve yemek hizmetleri gruplarinda fiyatlarin yakin donemde hem yurt ici genel fiyat endeksine hem de yurt disi ilgili sektor fiyat endeksine kiyasla daha hizli oranda arttigi gozlenmistir. Bir sonraki adimda Turkiye’deki dusuk goreli fiyat seviyesinin enflasyonun yuksek seyrindeki rolu incelenmistir. Sonuclar, goreli fiyat seviyesinin diger ulkelere kiyasla dusuk olmasinin kismi bir aciklayici guce sahip oldugunu gostermis ve enflasyonun yuksek seyrinde Turkiye’ye ozgu yapisal faktorlerin rolune isaret etmistir. Bu cercevede, alkol-tutun, enerji ve gida kalemlerinde vergi politikasi, disa bagimliliga bagli etkiler ve sektorel rekabet yapisi gibi konulara dikkat çekilmistir. [EN] In this note, the subsectors that stand out in the higher surge of inflation in Turkey relative to European Union countries are identified; and alcohol-tobacco, energy, unprocessed food and catering services price indices are observed to display higher increases relative to both domestic aggregate price index and international price index of the same sector in the recent period. Then, the role of low relative price on the high course of inflation is analyzed. Results show that having a low level of price relative to other countries has partial explanatory power and indicate the relevance of structural factors that are specific to Turkey in explaining the high course of inflation. In this framework, for the subsectors of alcohol-tobacco, energy and food, attention is drawn on the issues like tax policy, effects resulting from import dependence and sectoral competition.
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