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A la poursuite de la reussite au Canada et aux Etats-Unis : Les determinants des resultats sur le marche du travail des enfants d'immigrants

Listed author(s):
  • Hou, Feng
  • Picot, Garnett
Registered author(s):

    Le present document passe en revue les recherches recentes sur les determinants des resultats sur le marche du travail des enfants d'immigrants au Canada et aux Etats-Unis. De nouvelles recherches sur les resultats obtenus au Canada y sont aussi presentees. Globalement, et en l'absence de variables de controle, les resultats sur le marche du travail de la deuxieme generation, soit les enfants d'immigrants, sont egaux ou superieurs a ceux de la troisieme generation et des generations subsequentes, soit les enfants de parents nes au Canada. Toutefois, la situation differe quelque peu lorsqu'on tient compte des niveaux d'etudes superieurs et du lieu de residence de la deuxieme generation : aux Etats-Unis, l'avantage de la deuxieme generation en ce qui a trait aux resultats sur le marche du travail disparait; au Canada, chez les membres de deuxieme generation d'un groupe de minorite visible, l'avantage devient marginalement negatif. Les differences liees aux resultats selon le groupe ethnique ou la region d'origine sont importantes dans les deux pays. Les determinants importants de l'ecart au chapitre des gains entre la deuxieme generation et la troisieme generation ainsi que les generations subsequentes comprennent le niveau de scolarite, qui est a l'origine de pres de la moitie de l'ecart, le lieu de residence, l'origine ethnique, le degre de et la mobilite au chapitre de la scolarite et des gains entre les immigrants et leurs enfants.

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    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2011331f.

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    Date of creation: 03 Mar 2011
    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2011331f
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