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Financement de l'innovation dans les nouvelles petites entreprises : nouveaux elements probants provenant du Canada

Listed author(s):
  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Gaudreault, Valerie
  • Gellatly, Guy

Dans ce document, on examine les caracteristiques financieres des nouvelles petites entreprises. L'analyse sert a etablir un profil financier representatif des petites entreprises et a evaluer la mesure dans laquelle sont correlees l'utilisation proportionnelle de sources et d'instruments differents et les caracteristiques propres aux industries et aux entreprises. On se sert d'une variete de methodes pour etudier les relations entre la structure financiere, l'intensite de la recherche et du developpement (R.-D.) et l'innovation. Nos resultats laissent entendre que la relation entre la forte concentration d'expertise et la structure financiere est bidirectionnelle. Apres avoir neutralise une serie de variables aleatoires propres aux industries et aux entreprises, celles qui consacrent un pourcentage plus eleve de leurs depenses d'investissement a la R.-D affichent aussi des structures financieres faisant moins appel a l'emprunt. Inversement, l'existence meme des structures financieres faisant fortement appel a l'emprunt contribue a limiter les investissements dans la R.-D. Ces relations dependent toutefois du type d'emprunt dans la composition de l'actif. C'est la part de l'emprunt a long terme de l'actif total qu'on rattache de maniere negative a l'investissement dans le savoir.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2002190f.

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Date of creation: 24 May 2002
Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2002190f
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