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How Long Do People Live in Low-income Neighbourhoods? Evidence for Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver


  • Frenette, Marc
  • Picot, Garnett
  • Sceviour, Roger


This study uses longitudinal tax data to explore several undocumented aspects regarding the duration of time spent residing in low-income neighbourhoods (residential 'spells'). Although the length of new spells is generally substantial (at least compared with low-income spells), there is quite a lot of variation in this regard. Low-income neighbourhood spells exhibit negative duration dependence, implying that the longer people live in low-income neighbourhoods, the less likely they are to leave. Length of spell varies substantially by age and city of residence and, to a lesser extent, by family income and family type. Specifically, older individuals remain in low-income neighbourhoods for longer periods of time than younger individuals, as do residents of Toronto and Vancouver (in relation to Montreal). Individuals in low-income families have longer spell lengths than those in higher income families and, among these low-income families, lone-parents and couples with children generally spend more time living in low-income neighbourhoods than childless couples and unattached individuals.

Suggested Citation

  • Frenette, Marc & Picot, Garnett & Sceviour, Roger, 2004. "How Long Do People Live in Low-income Neighbourhoods? Evidence for Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2004216e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3e:2004216e

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    Cited by:

    1. Philip Oreopoulos, 2008. "Neighbourhood Effects in Canada: A Critique," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 34(2), pages 237-258, June.


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