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Non-Bayesian Multiple Imputation

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Abstract

Multiple imputation is a method specifically designed for variance estimation in the presence of missing data. Rubin's combination formula requires that the imputation method is "proper" which essentially means that the imputations are random draws from a posterior distribution in a Bayesian framework. In national statistical institutes (NSI's) like Statistics Norway, the methods used for imputing for nonresponse are typically non-Bayesian, e.g., some kind of stratified hot-deck. Hence, Rubin's method of multiple imputation is not valid and cannot be applied in NSI's. This paper deals with the problem of deriving an alternative combination formula that can be applied for imputation methods typically used in NSI's and suggests an approach for studying this problem. Alternative combination formulas are derived for certain response mechanisms and hot-deck type imputation methods.

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  • Jan F. Bjørnstad, 2005. "Non-Bayesian Multiple Imputation," Discussion Papers 421, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ssb:dispap:421
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    File URL: http://www.ssb.no/a/publikasjoner/pdf/DP/dp421.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. JØrgen Wolters & Helmut LØtkepohl, 1998. "A money demand system for German M3," Empirical Economics, Springer, pages 371-386.
    2. Perron, Pierre, 1989. "The Great Crash, the Oil Price Shock, and the Unit Root Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(6), pages 1361-1401, November.
    3. Søren Johansen & Rocco Mosconi & Bent Nielsen, 2000. "Cointegration analysis in the presence of structural breaks in the deterministic trend," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 3(2), pages 216-249.
    4. Helmut Lütkepohl & Pentti Saikkonen & Carsten Trenkler, 2004. "Testing for the Cointegrating Rank of a VAR Process with Level Shift at Unknown Time," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(2), pages 647-662, March.
    5. Grayham E. Mizon & David F. Hendry, 1998. "Exogeneity, causality, and co-breaking in economic policy analysis of a small econometric model of money in the UK," Empirical Economics, Springer, pages 267-294.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Multiple imputation; survey sampling; nonresponse; hot-deck imputation;

    JEL classification:

    • C42 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Survey Methods
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General

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